Plastic Surgery Glossary
Acne scarring – Acne scars may appear after the severe stage of acne, a skin condition usually caused by hormonal changes. The inflammatory condition is seen in adolescence, but acne can also occur later in life. This condition can be dramatically improved with a combination of Profractional and laser resurfacing to improve skin texture.
Age Spots – Small flat pigmented spots that are most often seen on areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun over a period of years resulting in abnormal pigment deposits. These abnormally pigmented areas can be treated effectively with BBL therapy with the Sciton Laser.
Belotero – An FDA-approved soft dermal filler that is designed to achieve results by integrating into facial skin tissue. Approved for injection into the dermis for the correction of moderate-to-severe facial wrinkles and folds, such as nasolabial folds.
Blepharoplasty – A primarily cosmetic surgical procedure that reduces bagginess from lower eyelids and raises drooping upper eyelids. The procedure involves the surgical removal of excess skin, muscle, and underlying fatty tissue. This can be done on either the upper or the lower eyelids to redefine the shape of the eye.
Board-Certified Surgeon – One who has completed an accredited residency (or specialty) training program and who has passed a comprehensive examination in his/her field of study.
Botox/Botulinum toxin – A substance derived from botulinum toxin that works by preventing nerve impulses from reaching the muscle, causing the muscle to relax.
BroadBand Light (BBL) – Uses the power of pulsed light to treat a broad range of skin conditions caused by skin aging and sun exposure
Chin Augmentation (Mentoplasty) – Chin augmentation can strengthen the appearance of a receding chin by increasing its projection. The procedure does not affect the patient’s bite or jaw. There are two techniques: one is performed through an incision inside the mouth and involves moving the chin bone, then wiring it into position; the other approach requires insertion of an implant through an incision inside the mouth, between the lower lip and the gum, or through an external incision underneath the chin.
Cosmetic surgery – Surgery that modifies or improves the appearance of a physical feature, irregularity, or defect.
Crow’s Feet – A series of fine horizontal lines at the outer corners of the eyes that usually appear only when a person smiles; also know as “laugh lines.” They are often caused by sun exposure. Smoking can also contribute to their formation.
Dermatochalasis – A medical condition, defined as an excess of skin in the upper or lower eyelid, also known as “baggy eyes.” It may be either an acquired or a congenital condition. It is generally treated with blepharoplasty.
Dermis – The innermost layers of skin.
Dr. TATTOFF – A chain clinics specializing exclusively in laser tattoo removal.
Dysport – A form of the botulinum toxin – A prescription injection for temporary improvement in the look of moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines) in adults less than 65 years of age.
Epidermis – Outermost layers of skin.
Erbium laser – Erbium laser skin resurfacing is a procedure specifically designed to remove superficial and moderately deep lines and wrinkles on the face. The Erbium laser produces less heating or burning of surrounding tissues than other lasers used for resurfacing. This allows your doctor to gently and comfortably vaporize the damaged skin cells layer by layer.
Exfoliate – To remove the outermost layer of skin cells.
Eyelid Lift – Surgery to tighten sagging, wrinkled, or hooded eyelids; also known as blepharoplasty.
Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty) – Aesthetic eyelid surgery can brighten the face and restore a more youthful appearance by reducing the fat that causes bags beneath the eyes and removing wrinkled, drooping layers of skin on the eyelids. Blepharoplasty is often performed along with a facelift or with other facial rejuvenation procedures. Incisions follow the natural contour lines in both upper and lower lids, or can be done through the lining of the lower eyelid, providing access to skin and fatty tissue. The thin surgical scars are usually barely visible and blend into the eyes’ natural lines and folds.
Face Lift – Operation that removes excess skin and tightens the lower half of the face.
Facelift (Rhytidectomy) – A facelift can reduce sagging skin on the face and neck. Incisions are placed in the hairline and then pass in front of and behind the ears; the exact design of incisions may vary from patient to patient and according to the surgeon’s personal technique. For younger patients, more limited incisions may be appropriate. When necessary, removal of fatty deposits beneath the skin and tightening of sagging muscles is performed. The slack in the skin itself is then taken up and the excess removed. Scars can usually be concealed by hair and makeup.
Facial implant – Cosmetic plastic surgery to change the shape of the chin, check, or jaw. This procedure is typically done to enhance certain facial features, or to bring a certain aspect of the face into proportion with the rest of the facial structures.
Facial Plastic Surgeon – A specialist whose practice is limited to plastic and reconstructive surgery of the face, nose, head and neck and who has more specialized training in cosmetic, reconstructive procedures and laser procedures in this area than any other physician.
Fat transposition – A procedure in which fat is transposed, meaning that it is shifted from one location to another. In the case of lower eyelids for example, a lower eyelid transposition can be performed. Many people that complain of dark circles actually have a problem known as a deep nasojugal groove. This groove extends from the corner of the eye near the nose and extends toward the cheek. Because a shadow tends to fall in this groove, it appears as a “dark circle.” Instead of removing any fat, the fat is simply slid down (transposed) into the nosojugal groove and secured into place with stitches. This technique preserves the fullness of the youthful lid, but takes some of the fullness and simply puts it where it is needed.
Fellowship Trained Doctor – A licensed physician who has participated in the highest level of training, after completion of an accredited residency. Only 40 surgeons in the country are selected each year to complete a fellowship in Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery to obtain double board certification in this specialty.
Forehead Lift (Brow Lift) – The forehead lift is designed to correct or improve skin wrinkling, as well as loss of tone and sagging of the eyebrows that often occurs as part of the aging process. The procedure may also help to smooth horizontal expression lines in the forehead and vertical frown lines between the eyebrows. Incisions are placed behind the hairline above the ear and pass over the top of the head. In some cases, incisions may be placed in front of the hairline. Some patients may have the procedure performed with the use of an endoscope, requiring much shorter incisions. Improvements are made beneath the skin and on the deep muscles; skin and muscle are then tightened to give a fresher, more youthful appearance.
Fraxel – A type of laser used in cosmetic procedures. Fractional lasers are ablative, which means that they vaporize skin on the surface, effectively removing the top-most layers of the skin. However, fractional lasers differ from other ablative lasers, in that they ablate the tissue only in small areas, leaving the surrounding areas uninjured. Fractional lasers are typically used to address cosmetic skin problems such as pigmentation problems, as well as scarring from acne and other types of scars. (“Fraxel” is the brand name of the laser device that pioneered the use of fractional lasers.)
Freckle – A light or moderately brown spot that appears on the skin as a result of exposure to sunlight. Freckles are most common in people with fair complexions.
Glabella – The space between the eyebrows and above the nose
Hyaluronic acid – A natural substance found in your body. High concentrations are found in soft connective tissues and in the fluid surrounding your eyes. It’s also in some cartilage and joint fluids, as well as skin tissue. It is extracted and reformulated and now has become one of the most popular kinds of injectable fillers. Brand names include Captique, Esthélis, Elevess, Hylaform, Juvéderm, Perlane, Prevelle, Puragen and Restylane. When this gel is injected, it acts like an inflated cushion to support facial structures and tissues that may have lost volume or elasticity due to normal aging. It also brings water to the surface of skin to keep it looking fresh and supple.
Hyaluronidase – Hyaluronidase is a naturally occurring enzyme that degrades hyaluronic acid. This can be used to correct undesirable results achieved from hyaluronic acid fillers (overfill, asymmetry).
Hydroxyapatite gel – The heaviest of facial dermal fillers. This substance, which is found naturally in human bones, is a mineral-like compound. It’s often used to fill the moderate-to-severe creases such as nasolabial folds, marionette lines and frown lines. It’s also used to enhance fullness of the cheeks and other facial contours. calcium hydroxylapatite contains small particles that act as a scaffold. Your own collagen then grows on that scaffold. Over time, the particles are slowly dissolved into calcium and phosphate ions through normal metabolic processes.
Hyperpigmentation – A skin condition in which there is excessive pigmentation that’s often seen as dark spots on the skin often caused by a history of excessive sun exposure.
Hypopigmentation – A skin condition in which there is a lack of pigmentation often the result of treatment in early generations of CO2 lasers.
Injectable Fillers – Material that is injected beneath the skin’s surface to plump up lines, wrinkles, creases, and depressions, or to make the lips fuller. Restores volume and youthful appearance.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) – (also called light therapy) Pulses of light that can be used to treat discoloration and texture changes of the skin.
Juvederm – Smooth gel filler that your doctor uses to instantly smooth away wrinkles around your mouth and nose. With just one treatment, you’ll get smooth and natural-looking results that last up to a year.
Laser resurfacing – Laser resurfacing in Pensacola is a skin resurfacing procedure that uses a laser to improve the appearance of your skin or treat minor facial flaws. It can decrease the appearance of fine lines around your eyes, mouth and cheeks. Laser resurfacing can also treat loss of skin tone and improve your complexion if you have scars or sun damage.
Laser resurfacing can be done with two types of lasers:
- A wounding (ablative) laser, which removes thin layers of skin
- A nonwounding (nonablative) laser, which stimulates collagen growth and tightens underlying skin
Lip Augmentation – A permanent method of augmenting deflated, drooping or sagging lips is accomplished by surgically advancing the lip forward, with incisions placed inside the mouth. A dermal-fat graft, taken from the deeper layers of the skin, may then be positioned under the mucosa (the lining of the lip) to add additional “plumpness.” Injecting fat collagen or other substances for lip augmentation is another alternative. The correction is not permanent, and injections must be repeated periodically to maintain results.
Luminosity Peel – LeBeau Clinic’s exclusive light (4-8 micron) MicroLaserPeel aimed to remove a very thin layer of skin, which can help improve skin tone, texture and the appearance of fine lines.
Melasma – A condition in which pigmentation of the cheeks darken into tan or brown patches. This condition occurs in half of all women during pregnancy. Dr. LeBeau treats this skin condition using a custom formulation of kojic acid, hydroquinone and retinol in combination with Profactional laser treatments with excellent results.
Microgenia – A medical term for an unusually small or deformed chin. This may be improved with a chin augmentation procedure.
MicroLaserPeel – 4 to 40 micron epidermal laser peel preformed with the Sciton Laser at LeBeau Clinic that precisely removes the outermost layers of the skin. The procedure is individually tailored to the nature of the problem to be corrected whether they are wrinkles, cars, keratoses or pigmentation problems.
Nasolabial Folds – Deep vertical creases that run between the nostrils and the corners of the mouth. Also called “nasal-labial folds.”
Neuromodulator – Neuromodulators temporarily relax overactive muscles. Some neuromodulators include Botox, Xeomin and Dysport. These substances block transmission from the nerve to the muscle relaxing the wrinkles in the overlying skin. Typically, these last 3-4 month before the nerves regrow and re-stimulate the muscles.
Neurotoxins – Injected to temporarily relax facial muscles to eliminate wrinkles for three to six months. (BOTOX Cosmetic, Xeomin, Dysport)
Otoplasty – A type of cosmetic plastic surgery procedure aimed at setting prominent ears closer to the head, or reducing the size of larger ears. This is usually accomplished through incisions placed behind the ears so that subsequent scars will be concealed in a natural skin crease. Otoplasty can be performed on children as early as age five or six.
Perioral – The area around the mouth. The wrinkles around this area often called “smokers lines” are often present in nonsmokers and have a strong genetic predisposition. These lines can be dramatically improved with resurfacing using the Sciton Laser.
Periorbital – The space around the eye.
Photo-aging – The changes that occur to the skin due to sun exposure. This includes wrinkles and age spots.
Plastic surgery – The surgical specialty that deals with the reconstruction of facial and body tissue that requires a reshaping or remolding due to disease, a defect, or disorder – in order to approximate a normal appearance or to repair working ability.
ProFractional Resurfacing – “Fractionated” laser resurfacing meaning that only a portion of the skin is treated with the Sciton Laser. The laser ablates thousands of pinpoint channels in your skin. The surrounding untreated tissue promotes rapid healing and creates new collagen.
Radiesse – One of the longest lasting dermal fillers on the market today. Radiesse is unique because of its ability to act as a scaffold under the skin, providing lift and stimulating your natural collagen to grow.
Reconstructive Plastic Surgery – One type of plastic surgery that is performed on abnormal structures of the body that may be caused by trauma, infection, developmental abnormalities, congenital defects, disease, and/or tumors. This type of surgery is usually performed to improve function, but may also be performed to approximate a normal appearance.
Restylane – A dermal filler dermal filler approved for the treatment of facial wrinkles by the FDA in 2003 and is the first and only dermal filer that’s FDA approved for lip enhancement. It is used to correct moderate to severe facial wrinkles, including deep ones around the nose and mouth.
Rhinoplasty (Cosmetic) – A cosmetic procedure used to enhance or change the appearance of the nose. Rhinoplasty is commonly referred to as a nose job.
Rhinoplasty (Functional) – A procedure used to change the width, size and/or shape of the nose (often combined with a septoplasty to improve breathing).
Rhytidectomy – Commonly called a facelift, this surgical procedure involves the removal of excess facial fat, the tightening of facial muscles, and the stretching of facial skin. This procedure is done to eliminate the sagging, drooping, and wrinkled skin of the face and neck and to achieve a smoother, firmer appearance. The procedure takes place on either the face, neck, or both.
Rosacea – A skin disease of unknown causes with an array of symptoms, including redness and puffiness on several areas of the face that include the cheeks and nose. Rosacea cannot be cured, but prompt correct treatment can keep it from getting worse over time. Dr. LeBeau treats Rosacea with BBL therapy as well as our specialty “Cleanse” facial cleanser designed to improve facial redness.
Sciton laser – The leader in laser technology as it provides the widest array of aesthetic and surgical procedures available from a single, scalable system in our Pensacola office. The Sciton laser available at LeBeau Clinic offers options to tighten, clear, brighten and rejuvenate skin while stimulating collagen production and revealing new skin. Some Sciton options used to achieve younger looking skin are BBL, SkinTyte, Profractional Resurfacing, MicroLaserPeel and Contour TRL.
Submental Lipectomy – Surgery designed to eliminate a double chin by removing excessive fat deposits by liposuction or direct excision.
Tat B Gone – System of creams (non FDA approved) which permeate the dermis to help fade the tattoo away by attacking the ink
Xeomin – A prescription medication, much like Botox or Dysport, used to temporarily improve the appearance of moderate to severe glabellar frown lines between the eyes in adults. Xeomin is unique because it has no surrounding proteins so it’s suggested that it will be less likely for the body to develop antibodies to the product.